Objectives: To describe laparoendoscopic single site (LESS) donor nephrectomy procedure through a Pfannenstiel incision. Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy has become the standard approach in harvesting kidneys from live donors. This is usually performed through 3 ports placed in a triangular manner in addition to the Pfannenstiel incision where the kidney is removed. Methods: Through a 5 cm Pfannenstiel incision, three 5 mm ports were placed in a triangular manner. A 5 mm flexible-tip laparoscope was used to perform laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. Before ligating the renal hilum, the superior midline trocar was exchanged for a 12-mm trocar to allow for an Endo-GIA stapler. After the kidney was placed in the entrapment sac, the anterior rectus fascia between the 2 midline ports was incised and the kidney was removed. After closure of the fascial defects, the Pfannenstiel incision was closed in a subcuticular manner. Results: LESS Pfannenstiel donor nephrectomy was successfully performed in 6 patients without standard laparoscopic or open conversion. No additional needlescopic instruments were used. The median age was 46 years with median body mass index of 28.3 kg/m2. The median operative time was 142 minutes with a median warm ischemia time of 5 minutes. Median hospital stay was 2 days and the median pain score at discharge was 0. None of the patients received transfusions perioperatively and none had peri-operative complications. Conclusions: LESS Pfannenstiel donor nephrectomy offers the benefits of improved cosmesis over the standard laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. Prospective randomized trials are needed to compare the postoperative pain levels in between these 2 techniques.
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