Landlords' and compound managers' role in improving and sustaining shared latrines in Three Dhaka City Slums

Farzana Yeasmin, Mahbubur Rahman, Stephen P. Luby, Jyoti Bhushan Das, Farzana Begum, Ronald E. Saxton, Fosiul A. Nizame, Sharon T. Hwang, Mahbub Ul Alam, Md Khobair Hossain, Dalia Yeasmin, Leanne Unicomb, Peter J. Winch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


(1) Background: Residents of Dhaka slums frequently lack clean and functional shared latrines. We explored the role of landlords and compound managers in promoting latrine cleanliness in the intervention arm of a randomized trial; (2) Methods: We conducted focus group discussions, key informant interviews, and in-depth interviews with community health promoters, landlords, and compound managers to better understand the decision-making process, barriers to contributing to sanitation, and cleanliness of shared latrines. (3) Results: Landlords' and compound managers' engagement in promoting clean and functional latrines depended, in part, on their own proximity to the properties they own and manage. The compound managers played a leadership role through engagement with health promoters, oversight of implementation of a cleaning schedule, and support for installation and maintenance of sanitation hardware, resulting in improved sanitation practices; (4) Conclusions: Interventions in slums in Bangladesh should consider engaging landlords and compound managers in efforts to bring about structural and organizational changes to support the adoption of improved water, sanitation, and hygiene practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2073
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2020


  • Human rights
  • Landlord
  • Latrines
  • Sanitation
  • Shared latrines
  • Slum
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Water
  • Water supply
  • Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Biochemistry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology


Dive into the research topics of 'Landlords' and compound managers' role in improving and sustaining shared latrines in Three Dhaka City Slums'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this