Lactacystin exhibits potent anti-tumor activity in an animal model of malignant glioma when administered via controlled-release polymers

Federico G. Legnani, Gustavo Pradilla, Quoc Anh Thai, Alessandro Fiorindi, Pablo F. Recinos, Betty M. Tyler, Sergio M. Gaini, Francesco DiMeco, Henry Brem, Alessandro Olivi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Lactacystin, a proteasome-inhibitor, has been shown to induce apoptosis of experimental gliomas in vitro. However, its systemic toxicity prevents further clinical use. To circumvent this problem, lactacystin can be delivered intratumorally. We tested the efficacy of lactacystin incorporated into controlled-release polymers for treating experimental gliomas. 9L-gliosarcoma and F98-glioma cell lines were treated with lactacystin (10-100 μml) for 72 h in vitro. Cell-viability was measured with MTT-assays. Toxicity of lactacystin/ polycarboxyphenoxypropane-sebacic-acid (pCPP : SA) polymers was tested in vivo using Fischer-344 rats intracranially implanted with lactacystin polymers loaded from 0.1 to 2% lactacystin by weight. The efficacy of 1, 1.3, 1.5 and 1.7% lactacystin/pCPP : SA polymers was determined in Fischer-344 rats intracranially challenged with 9L and treated either simultaneously or 5 days after tumor implantation. Lactacystin was cytotoxic in 9L cells, causing a 16 ± 8% growth inhibition at 10-μml that increased to 78 ± 4% at 100-μg/ml. Similarly, lactacystin inhibited growth of F98 by 18 ± 8% at 10-μg/ml and 74 ± 2% at 100-μg/ml in vitro. Polymers released lactacystin for 21 days and intracranial implantation in rats neither generate local nor systemic toxicity at doses lower than 2%. Treatment with lactacystin/ pCPP : SA polymers with loading concentrations of 1.0, 1.3, and 1.5% prolonged survival of animals intracranially challenged with 9L when polymers where inserted in the day of tumor implantation. In conclusion, lactacystin exhibits potent cytotoxic-activity against 9L and F98 in vitro, it can be efficiently incorporated and delivered using controlled-release polymers, and at the proposed concentrations lactacystin polymers are safe for CNS delivery and prolong survival in the 9L model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-232
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of neuro-oncology
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2006


  • Animal model
  • Brain tumor
  • Controlled-release
  • Gliomas
  • Lactacystin
  • Local delivery
  • Polymer
  • Proteasome inhibitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research


Dive into the research topics of 'Lactacystin exhibits potent anti-tumor activity in an animal model of malignant glioma when administered via controlled-release polymers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this