Job strain and non-medical drug use

Carla L. Storr, Alison M. Trinkoff, James C. Anthony

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, the Karasek demand/control formulation of job strain, initially used in research on cardiovascular health, has been extended to drug use. Full-time nurses (n=2375), all participants in a national anonymous mailed survey, were an estimated 1.5 times more likely to be a recent non-medical drug user if they had a high strain job as compared to nurses in low strain jobs. The psychosocial work environment might influence whether nurses become and remain non-medical drug users, over and above the risk-modifying functions related to nurses' individual vulnerabilities and their greater access to controlled substances. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-51
Number of pages7
JournalDrug and alcohol dependence
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jun 1 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Job strain
  • Occupational health
  • Stress
  • Substance abuse
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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