Isolation of Nontuberculous Mycobacteria in Southeast Asian and African Human Immunodeficiency Virus-infected Children with Suspected Tuberculosis

Pediatric Asian African Network for Tuberculosis and HIV Research (PAANTHER) Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We enrolled 427 human immunodeficiency virus-infected children (median age, 7.3 years), 59.2% severely immunodeficient, with suspected tuberculosis in Southeast Asian and African settings. Nontuberculous mycobacteria were isolated in 46 children (10.8%); 45.7% of isolates were Mycobacterium avium complex. Southeast Asian origin, age 5-9 years, and severe immunodeficiency were independently associated with nontuberculous mycobacteria isolation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1750-1753
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume68
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Children
  • HIV
  • Nontuberculous mycobacteria
  • Tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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