Is recitation an effective tool for adult learners?

Kathleen B. McDermott, Farah Naaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The effects of recitation on subsequent recall were examined in 4 experiments modeled after thoseof Gates (1917). Participants underwent a study phase, a recitation phase, and a test phase. During therecitation phase participants were to attempt to recall the previously studied material and then to restudyit when they could not recall any new information. They were encouraged to switch between recallingand restudying. The proportion of the total acquisition time that was spent in recitation was varied.Unlike the classic findings reported by Gates (1917) in schoolchildren, there was no consistent evidencethat recitation enhanced learning in these adult learners.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-213
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Covert retrieval
  • Learning
  • Recitation
  • Testing effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Is recitation an effective tool for adult learners?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this