Is exposure to an effective contingency management intervention associated with more positive provider beliefs?

Kimberly C. Kirby, Carolyn M. Carpenedo, Maxine L. Stitzer, Karen L. Dugosh, Nancy M. Petry, John M. Roll, Michael E. Saladin, Allan J. Cohen, John Hamilton, Karen Reese, Gina R. Sillo, Patricia Quinn Stabile, Robert C. Sterling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


This study empirically examined opinions of treatment providers regarding contingency management (CM) programs while controlling for experience with a specific efficacious CM program. In addition to empirically describing provider opinions, we examined whether the opinions of providers at the sites that implemented the CM program were more positive than those of matched providers at sites that did not implement it. Participants from 7 CM treatment sites (n = 76) and 7 matched nonparticipating sites (n = 69) within the same nodes of the National Institute of Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network completed the Provider Survey of Incentives (PSI), which assesses positive and negative beliefs about incentive programs. An intent-to-treat analysis found no differences in the PSI summary scores of providers in CM program versus matched sites, but correcting for experience with tangible incentives showed significant differences, with providers from CM sites reporting more positive opinions than those from matched sites. Some differences were found in opinions regarding costs of incentives, and these generally indicated that participants from CM sites were more likely to see the costs as worthwhile. The results from the study suggest that exposing community treatment providers to incentive programs may itself be an effective strategy in prompting the dissemination of CM interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)356-365
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 2012


  • Cocaine dependence
  • Contingency management
  • Methamphetamine use disorders
  • Translational research
  • Treatment dissemination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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