Ion-Pairing with Triethylammonium Acetate Improves Solid-Phase Extraction of ADP-Ribosylated Peptides

Robert Lyle McPherson, Shao En Ong, Anthony K.L. Leung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


ADP-ribosylation refers to the post-translational modification of protein substrates with monomers or polymers of the small molecule ADP-ribose. ADP-ribosylation is enzymatically regulated and plays roles in cellular processes including DNA repair, nucleic acid metabolism, cell death, cellular stress responses, and antiviral immunity. Recent advances in the field of ADP-ribosylation have led to the development of proteomics approaches to enrich and identify endogenous ADP-ribosylated peptides by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). A number of these methods rely on reverse-phase solid-phase extraction as a critical step in preparing cellular peptides for further enrichment steps in proteomics workflows. The anionic ion-pairing reagent trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) is typically used during reverse-phase solid-phase extraction to promote retention of tryptic peptides. Here we report that TFA and other carboxylate ion-pairing reagents are inefficient for reverse-phase solid-phase extraction of ADP-ribosylated peptides. Substitution of TFA with cationic ion-pairing reagents, such as triethylammonium acetate (TEAA), improves recovery of ADP-ribosylated peptides. We further demonstrate that substitution of TFA with TEAA in a proteomics workflow specific for identifying ADP-ribosylated peptides increases identification rates of ADP-ribosylated peptides by LC-MS/MS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)984-990
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of proteome research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 7 2020


  • ADP-ribosylation
  • LC-MS/MS
  • ion-pairing
  • site identification
  • solid-phase extraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry


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