Investigations of directly labeling antibodies with rhenium-188

Jr Winnard P., F. Virzi, M. Fogarasi, M. Rusckowski, D. J. Hnatowich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Methods for labelling antibodies with 99mTc cannot be used without modification for radiorhenium despite the similar chemistries, in part because of a lower redox potential of rhenium and therefore a greater tendency to reoxidize. We have investigated conditions for directly labeling B72.3 IgG with 188Re via both mercaptoethanol and stannous ion antibody reduction. The reduced 188Re was stabilized for transchelation as the glucoheptonate complex and transchelated in the presence of excess stannous ion. End points were low 'non-specific' binding (ie. labeling in the absence of antibody reduction) and increased stability to cysteine challenge. By both methods, labeling efficiences after about 15 minutes averaged 58-77% with as little as 4% non-specific binding. Specific activities of 15 μCi/μg was achieved after 1.5 hours. By investigating labeling condition, it was possible to improve the stability of the label on stannous ion reduced antibody such that the in vitro and in vivo properties of 188Re were largely independent of labeling method. For example, losses of 188Re due to oxidation (16%) and to cysteine (7%) during 37°C serum incubations for 24 hours were identical for both methods. Furthermore, after the administration to normal mice, whole body clearance and the accumulations of 188Re at 2.5 and 24 hours in blood and in most organs were also independent of labeling method. In conclusion, two different direct labeling methods provided a 188Re-tabeled antibody with identical stabilities and with in vivo properties not greatly different from that seen for the same antibody radiolabeled directly with 99mTc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-160
Number of pages10
JournalQuarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Re
  • antibodies
  • direct labeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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