Two inversion procedures are examined for solving the Fredholm integral equation of the first kind to obtain aerosol particle size distributions from a set of measured masses collected on the various stages of a personal cascade impactor. The two methods, although derived from different families of inversion techniques, fit into the general framework of Tikhonov regularization. Both try to optimize the a posteriori degree of matching of the solution to the measured data and the a priori judgments about the likelihood of a solution in terms of its smoothness. The first method uses a weighted least squares optimization and zeroth-order regularization to fit a priori bi-modal log-normal distribution functions, using an intermediate step to define an appropriate starting point for the optimization routine. The second involved 'blind' inversion of the impactor data to express the second derivative of the particle size distribution function as a linear combination of orthogonal basis functions, chosen so that the resulting solution is smooth and positive. Both inversion methods explicitly include consideration of the aerosol that is collected in the sampler entry between the inlet and the first impactor stage, something that applies to all cascade impactors but which has not usually been taken into account in the past.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
- Atmospheric Science