Invasion percolation through minimum-weight spanning trees

Roland Glantz, Markus Hilpert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Invasion percolation is often used to simulate capillary-dominated drainage and imbibition in pore networks. More than a decade ago it was observed that the part of a pore network that is involved in an invasion bond percolation is a minimum-weight spanning tree of the network, where the weights indicate resistances associated with the bonds. Thus, one can determine a minimum-weight spanning tree first and then run the invasion bond percolation on the minimum-weight spanning tree. The time complexities of the two steps are O (mα (m,n)) and O (n), respectively, where m is the number of edges, n is the number of vertices, and α (â,â) denotes the inverse Ackermann function. In this paper we (1) formulate the property of minimum-weight spanning trees that justifies the two-step approach to invasion bond percolation, (2) extend the two-step approach to invasion site percolation, and (3) further extend it to simulations of drainage (imbibition) that include trapping of the wetting (nonwetting) phase. In case of imbibition we also take snap-off into account. As a consequence, all these simulations can now be done in O (mα (m,n)).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number031128
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 25 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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