Intraoperative facial nerve monitoring: A comparison of stimulating electrodes

Jack M. Kartush, John K. Niparko, Sanford C. Bledsoe, Malcolm D. Graham, John L. Kemink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


Preservation of the facial nerve during acoustic neuroma resection may be enhanced by the use of intraoperative electrical stimulation. Although stimulation of the extrutempornl facial nerve is an effective and established procedure, anatomic differences of the intradural facial nerve and its microenvironment demand more exacting stimulus protocols. The absence of epineurium may make the intradural nerve more susceptible to mechanical or electrical trauma while intermittent pooling of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) at the cerebellopontine angle may shunt current away from nerve. Four stimulus configurations were examined under varying conditions simulating CSF pooling. The results indicated that: 1. insulation of stimulating electrodes prevents CSF current shunting and allows utilization of a constant current source, and 2. monopolar and bipolar configurations demonstrate significantly different electrical characteristics which may be employed selectively based upon specific clinical goals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1536-1540
Number of pages5
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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