Intracranial pressure and skull remodeling

Timothy J. McCulley, W. Jordan Piluek, Jessica Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


In this article we review bony changes resulting from alterations in intracranial pressure (ICP) and the implications for ophthalmologists and the patients for whom we care. Before addressing ophthalmic implications, we will begin with a brief overview of bone remodeling. Bony changes seen with chronic intracranial hypotension and hypertension will be discussed. The primary objective of this review was to bring attention to bony changes seen with chronic intracranial hypotension. Intracranial hypotension skull remodeling can result in enophthalmos. In advanced disease enophthalmos develops to a degree that is truly disfiguring. The most common finding for which subjects are referred is ocular surface disease, related to loss of contact between the eyelids and the cornea. Other abnormalities seen include abnormal ocular motility and optic atrophy. Recognition of such changes is important to allow for diagnosis and treatment prior to advanced clinical deterioration. Routine radiographic assessment of bony changes may allow for the identification of patient with abnormal ICP prior to the development of clinically significant disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-62
Number of pages6
JournalSaudi Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Bony changes
  • Hypertension
  • Hypotension
  • Intracranial pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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