Several genes located within the chromosome 8p11.21 region are associated with movement disorders including SLC20A2 and THAP1. SLC20A2 is one of four genes associated with primary familial brain calcification, a syndrome that also includes movement disorders, cognitive decline and psychiatric issues. THAP1 is associated with dystonia type 6, a dominantly inherited dystonia with variable expression. In addition, several reports in the French-Canadian population have described microdeletions within the 8p11.2 region presenting with dystonia-plus syndromes including brain calcifications. This case report describes a 12-year-old boy with brain calcifications and generalised dystonia associated with a deletion in the 8p11.2 region detected via single nucleotide polymorphism microarray. This report emphasises the importance of obtaining a microarray analysis in diagnosing movement disorders and suggests that this copy number variant may be an under-recognised cause of dystonia and brain calcifications.
- genetic screening/counselling
- movement disorders (other than Parkinsons)
- neuro genetics
ASJC Scopus subject areas