Intracoronary administration of FGF-2: A computational model of myocardial deposition and retention

Renee J. Filion, Aleksander S. Popel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


This study uses a computational model to characterize the myocardial deposition and retention of basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) at the cellular level after intracoronary (IC) administration of exogenous FGF-2. The model is applied to the in situ conditions present within the myocardium of a dog for which the plasma pharmacokinetics resulting from IC injection of FGF-2 were recorded. Our estimates show that the processes involved in FGF-2 signaling are not diffusion limited; rather, the response time is determined by the reaction time of FGF-2 binding to cell surface receptors. Additionally, the processes of receptor secretion and internalization are found to play crucial roles in the FGF-2 dynamics; future experiments are required to quantify these processes. The model predictions obtained in this study suggest that IC administration of FGF-2 via either a single bolus or repetitive injections causes a transient increase (time scale of hours) in myocardial FGF-2 concentration if the endogenous level of free interstitial FGF-2 is low enough to allow permeation of FGF-2 molecules from the microvascular to the interstitial spaces. The model shows that the majority (64%) of the extracellular FGF-2 ligands are located within the interstitium, and similar fractions are found in the basement membrane and extracellular matrix. Among the FGF-2 molecules found within the interstitium, 2% are free and 98% are bound to interstitial heparan sulfate proteoglycans. These results support the theory of extracellular control of the bioavailability of FGF-2 via dynamic storage of FGF-2 within the basement membrane and extracellular matrix.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H263-H279
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number1 57-1
StatePublished - Jan 2005


  • Angiogenesis
  • Basic fibroblast growth factor
  • Compartmental
  • Drug delivery
  • Mathematical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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