Intervention research in highly unstable environments

Kathleen C. Buckwalter, Margaret Grey, Barbara Bowers, Ann Marie McCarthy, Deborah Gross, Marjorie Funk, Cornelia Beck

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


This article highlights issues and presents strategies for conducting intervention research in highly unstable environments such as schools, critical care units, and long-term care facilities. The authors draw on their own experiences to discuss the challenges that may be encountered in highly unstable settings. The concept of validity provides a framework for understanding the value of addressing the many methodological issues that can emerge in settings characterized by instability. We explain unstable environments by elaborating on knowable elements that contribute to instability. Strategies are provided for improving success of intervention research in unstable settings by carrying out an environmental assessment prior to beginning a study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-121
Number of pages12
JournalResearch in Nursing and Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2009


  • Intervention research
  • Research settings
  • Research strategies
  • Unstable environments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Intervention research in highly unstable environments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this