Interleukin 2 enhances wound healing in rats

Adrian Barbul, John Knud-Hansen, Hannah L. Wasserkrug, Gershon Efron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Antigen-stimulated lymphocytes secrete lymphokines which have been shown to enhance in vitro fibroblast migration, proliferation, and protein synthesis. In the present experiments, the effect of human recombinant interleukin 2 (RIL-2) on wound healing was assessed in vivo. Groups of male Lewis rats, 225-250 g, underwent intraperitoneal insertion of osmotic pumps and a 7-cm dorsal skin incision with subcutaneous placement of polyvinyl alcohol sponges under anesthesia. The dorsal wounds were closed with stainless-steel sutures. The dose of RIL-2 administered was 60,000 u/rat/day for 7 days in experiment I, and 140,000 u/rat/day for 7 days in experiment II. Controls received equal volumes of excipient. Animals were sacrificed 10 days post wounding and wound healing was assessed by fresh breaking strength, fixed breaking strength (following 72 hr of Formalin fixation which maximally crosslinks the collagen present), and sponge hydroxyproline content (an index of reparative collagen accumulation). In vivo RIL-2 administration significantly augmented wound fresh and fixed breaking strength and wound collagen synthesis. Higher doses of RIL-2 (experiment II) did not result in further increases in the parameters studied. The data suggest that lymphocytes participate directly in the process of wound healing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-319
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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