Multimodal therapies were combined to eradicate the primary site, metastatic, and micrometastatic disease in men with newly diagnosed, synchronous, oligometastatic prostate cancer. The investigation included companion, phase II studies: total eradication therapy-1 (TET-1) for those treatment-naïve and total eradication therapy-2 (TET-2) for those post-prostatectomy. The treatment-naive protocol included androgen deprivation and docetaxel (with concurrent abiraterone added in a protocol amendment), followed by a prostatectomy, adjuvant radiation (if positive margins, T3/4, or detectable PSA), and metastasis-directed therapy. The post-prostatectomy protocol assigned the same therapies (omitting the prostatectomy). The primary endpoint was an undetectable PSA with recovered testosterone. The safety boundaries were ≤ 50% for grade 3/4 neutropenic and ≤ 20% for grade 3/4 surgical- and radiation-related toxicities. Enrollment was planned for 60 patients per protocol, to detect a PSA progression-free survival ≥ 32%, as compared to 15% in a historic control. Enrollment closed early. An interim analysis was conducted once > 50% of patients were evaluable for the primary endpoint. The primary endpoint duration was assessed by median progression-free survival. 52 patients were enrolled (n = 26 per protocol). Medium follow-up was 30.3 months. 80% (24/30) of evaluable patients achieved the primary endpoint; the duration was not reached. Of those not evaluable, 77% (17/22) had not reached the endpoint and 23% (5/22) had exited. There were 8% (4/52) grade 3/4 neutropenic and 2% (1/48) grade 3/4 surgical or radiation-induced toxicities. Interim findings suggest the trials’ endpoints were met, advancing the concept of total eradication therapy in men with oligometastatic prostate cancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - May 2022|
- Multi-modal therapy
- Oligometastatic prostate cancer
- Total eradication therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research