The interface of women's reproductive and mental health is an evolving area of psychiatric practice, necessitating familiarity with psychobiological factors unique to women. The role of estrogen in particular has profound implications for the etiology and treatment of women's psychiatric illness, and has been reviewed along with the role of other hormones. Additionally, the stress of specific life events such as miscarriage, abortion, and menopause affects female mental health from a biological and psychosocial standpoint with the potential for secondary mood and anxiety disorders. Psychiatric issues during pregnancy and the postpartum period present special diagnostic and treatment challenges to the clinician. Biological and psychosocial treatments of these conditions have been reviewed. Management of psychiatric conditions during pregnancy and the postpartum period should include the obstetrician, pediatrician, and involved family members. Treatment decisions should involve careful assessment of the risks and benefits of any intervention including the risk of no treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health