Integrative review of school integration support following pediatric cancer

Elaina Parrillo, Claire Petchler, Lisa A. Jacobson, Kathy Ruble, E. Juliana Paré-Blagoev, Marie T. Nolan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Purpose: This study aims to understand parents’ experiences of school integration support for their child’s transition to K-12 schooling during or after cancer treatment. Methods: This integrative literature review used PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Embase databases and included articles from January 2000 to July 2022 describing parent experiences with support from healthcare providers, school faculty/systems, and school integration programs. This review was guided by an adapted School Re-Entry Model and used constant comparison to identify common themes and guide synthesis. The Johns Hopkins Evidence and Quality Guide was used to appraise article quality and level of evidence. Results: Thirty-five articles were included in the final review: seventeen qualitative, fourteen quantitative, and four mixed or multi-method designs. Parents reported experiences receiving support from healthcare providers, school faculty/systems, school integration programs, and “other” sources. Parents reported both facilitators and barriers to communication, knowledge, and the process of receiving school integration support. Conclusions: Parents found neuro/psychologists highly supportive but reported limited support from other healthcare providers. Most parents reported mixed experiences with school faculty and reported many barriers to school system support. Parents reported positive experiences with school integration programs; however, limited programs were available. Implications for Cancer Survivors: Future programs and research should focus on addressing identified barriers and facilitators of school integration support. Further work is also needed to understand a wider range of parent experiences during school integration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)325-343
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Cancer Survivorship
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2024


  • Cancer survivors
  • Parents
  • Return to school
  • Schools
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology(nursing)
  • Oncology


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