Despite increased awareness of the risks to patients within the health care system, there has been little improvement in patient safety, with 1 in 7 patients experiencing an adverse event during hospitalization. Patients are exposed to harm not only through medical errors but also by physicians' failure to adhere to evidence-based best practices, as patients receive recommended therapies only half of the time. Although much research has been devoted to developing new therapies, little time has been spent investigating the science of health care delivery. We developed 2 models for improving health care delivery that have been successfully utilized in the Michigan Keystone Project to eliminate catheter-related bloodstream infections. The first is the Comprehensive Unit-Based Safety Program (CUSP), which is aimed at changing the culture of safety and provides a framework for addressing patient safety issues at a local level. CUSP takes advantage of local wisdom to identify potential patient harms and create individualized solutions. The second is the Translating Evidence Into Practice (TRIP) model, which evaluates best practices at a hospital or hospital system level, and then creates strategies for implementation at a local level. TRIP seeks to identify barriers to implementation of best-practice medicine and standardize care over multiple care units. Components of the 2 programs are not mutually exclusive and both can be used to mitigate potential patient harms.
ASJC Scopus subject areas