Integrating Culturally Competent Advance Care Planning for Korean Immigrants: An Integrative Review

Sojung Suk, Sharon L. Kozachik, Valerie T. Cotter

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Aims: This review aims to explore the extant literature on the current utilization of ACP in Kisin order to obtain a comprehensive understanding of their health disparities and to determineevidence-based best practices to integrate culturally-competent ACP for EOL care of KIs. Design: A systematic integrative review of the literature Data Sources: Four electronic databases including PubMed, the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, the Cochrane Library, and Embase. Method: The detailed search strategy for databases implicated a combination of MeSHkeywords and associated terms, which can be found in Table A.Results: Three themes emerged in relation to fundamental components in the integration of culturally-competent ACP for EOL of KIs: (1) cultural characteristics of KIs; (2) disparities in ethnic-oriented ACP and EOL care resources in KIs; and (3) KIs’ perspectives on ACP. Conclusion: The findings of this review indicate that culturally-competent ACP resources for KIsare presently quite insufficient. It is determined that much future research is needed on howculturally-competent ACP can best augment the quality of EOL care for KIs, and on howspecific interventions can effectively implement ACP in community settings. Impact: Such ongoing research dedicated to the development of feasible culturally competent practice guidelines is anticipated to markedly reduce health disparities and promote ACP in KIs. The recommendations in this review may support Korean primary HCPs, Korean health care center administrators, Korean health maintenance organizations (HMOs), Korean advance care nurse practitioners in hospice and palliative care, and nurse researchers in their work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)678-687
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • Asian American
  • Korean immigrants
  • advance care planning
  • culturally competent care
  • end-of-life care
  • ethnic minority
  • integrative review
  • literature review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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