Initial Experience with "honoring Choices Wisconsin": Implementation of an Advance Care Planning Pilot in a Tertiary Care Setting

Wendy L. Peltier, Faiz Gani, Jennifer Blissitt, Katherine Walczak, Kristi Opper, Arthur R. Derse, Fabian M. Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background: Although previous research on advance care planning (ACP) has associated ACP with improved quality of care at the end of life, the appropriate use of ACP remains limited. Objective: To evaluate the impact of a pilot program using the "Honoring Choices Wisconsin" (HCW) model for ACP in a tertiary care setting, and to understand barriers to system-wide implementation. Design: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data. Setting/Subjects: Patients who received medical or surgical oncology care at Froedtert and the Medical College of Wisconsin. Measurements: Patient demographics, disease characteristics, patient satisfaction, and clinical outcomes. Results: Data from 69 patients who died following the implementation of the HCW program were reviewed; 24 patients were enrolled in the HCW program while 45 were not. Patients enrolled in HCW were proportionally less likely to be admitted to the ICU (12.5% vs. 17.8%) and were more likely to be "do not resuscitate" (87.5% vs. 80.0%), as well as have a completed ACP (83.3% vs. 79.1%). Furthermore, admission to a hospice was also higher among patients who were enrolled in the HCW program (79.2% vs. 25.6%), with patients enrolled in HCW more likely to die in hospice (70.8% vs. 53.3%). The HCW program was favorably viewed by patients, patient caregivers, and healthcare providers. Conclusions: Implementation of a facilitator-based ACP care model was associated with fewer ICU admissions, and a higher use of hospice care. System-level changes are required to overcome barriers to ACP that limit patients from receiving end-of-life care in accordance with their preferences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)998-1003
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of palliative medicine
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2017


  • advanced care planning
  • advanced directive
  • end of life
  • palliative care
  • patient-centered

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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