Inhibition of metastasis of B16F-10 melanoma cells in C57BL/6 mice by an extract of Calendula officinalis L flowers

Korangath C. Preethi, Kodappully S. Siveen, Ramadasan Kuttan, Girija Kuttan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Aim: To determine the effect of a Calendula officinalis flower extract on lung metastasis by B16F-10 melanoma cells5/20/2011in C57BL/6 mice. Materials and Methods: Male mice were injected with B16F-10 melanoma cells through the tail vein and simultaneously treated with C.officinalis flower extract. Parameters studied were lung tumor nodule count, life span of animals, gamma glutamyl transpeptidase activity, sialic acid, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-2, GM-CSF, VEGF and TIMP-1 levels in serum, and lung hydroxyproline, uronic acid and hexosamine levels, as well as histopathological features. Effects of C.officinalis on the expression of various genes involved in metastasis like matrix metalloproteases (MMPs), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteases (TIMPs), prolyl hydoxylase, lysyl oxidase, nm23, and proinflammatory cytokines were also investigated. Results: Simultaneous administration of C.officinalis extract to tumor bearing C57BL/6 mice reduced the lung tumor nodules by 74% with 43.3% increase in life span. Elevated levels of hydroxyproline, uronic acid, hexosamine, serum sialic acid and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase in the metastatic controls were found to be significantly lowered in the C.officinalis treated animals. The extract also inhibited expression of MMP-2, MMP-9, prolyl hydroxylase and lysyl oxidase and activated TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 and downregulated proinflammatory cytokines. Conclusions: The present investigation indicated antimetastatic effects of Calendula officinalis flowers through the inhibition of key enzymes involved in processes of metastasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1773-1779
Number of pages7
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2010


  • B16F-10 melanoma
  • Clendula officinalis flowers
  • Cytokines
  • Lung metastasis
  • Metalloproteases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Cancer Research


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