Informed consent

Constantine Mavroudis, J. Thomas Cook

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Informed consent refers to the process by which physicians and patients engage in a dialogue to explain and comprehend the nature, risks, and alternatives of a procedure or course of therapy. Historical perspectives include the groundbreaking case of Salgo v. Leland Stanford Jr. University Board of Trustees which established Informed Consent as a legal and moral duty. Subsequent court rulings refined the legal concepts from professional to patient-oriented standards. The basis of comprehensive informed consent rests with a recognition and respect for patient autonomy, transparency, selective emphasis, shared decision making, and beneficent persuasion. The goal of this chapter is to consider guidelines that will better inform the process of informed consent based on empirically derived scientific data that physicians can use to enhance enlightened communication between families and the health care team.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBioethical Controversies in Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9783030356606
ISBN (Print)9783030356590
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • Autonomy
  • Beneficent persuasion
  • Informed consent
  • Nudging
  • Selective emphasis
  • Shared decision making
  • Transparency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine
  • General Arts and Humanities


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