Influences for gender disparity in the radiology societies in North America

Ramin Hamidizadeh, Sabeena Jalal, Bharadwaj Pindiprolu, Muhammad Hamza Tiwana, Katarzyna J. Macura, Sadia R. Qamar, Savvas Nicolaou, Faisal Khosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to outline the gender distribution in leadership positions in the North American radiology societies. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A review of North American radiology societies was conducted to identify committee members and those holding leadership positions. The Scopus database was queried for research productivity metrics of these individuals. Gender, university affiliation, and academic rank were identified from departmental websites. The chi-square test was used to assess for differences in gender distribution, and nonparametric analyses were applied to determine gender differences in continuous variables. RESULTS. Of 2826 radiology society committee members, men outnumbered women 67.4% (n = 1906) to 32.6% (n = 920). There were 696 society leadership positions, of which men held 501 (72.0%) and women held 195 (28.0%) (p < 0.003). Additionally, 26.3% of all men held leadership positions compared with 21.2% of all women (p = 0.0032). Overall, men had a higher median h-index (14 [range, 0–113] vs 11 [range, 0–73]), number of publications (52 [range, 2–1264] vs 35 [range, 2–428]), and number of citations (880 [range, 0–54,813] vs 483.5 [range, 0–17,332]) than women (p < 0.001). Across university academic ranks of assistant and associate professor, research productivity metrics were similar between genders, but interestingly, female representation decreased with increasing academic rank. A higher proportion of men held a university rank of professor than women (39.5% vs 33.4%; p = 0.0017) with parity at the levels of assistant and associate professors. CONCLUSION. Gender disparity exists in the leadership positions in North American radiology societies. We have attempted to study the relationship between gender, academic rank, and h-index with leadership roles in these societies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)831-838
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2018


  • Gender disparity
  • H-index
  • Leadership
  • Radiology societies
  • Research productivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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