Purpose: The aim of the study is to assess the diagnostic performance of inflow-based vascular-space-occupancy (iVASO) MR imaging for differentiating glioblastomas (grade IV, GBM) and lower-grade diffuse gliomas (grade II and III, LGG) and its potential to predict IDH mutation status. Methods: One hundred and two patients with diffuse cerebral glioma (56 males; median age, 43.5 years) underwent iVASO and dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) MR imaging. The iVASO-derived arteriolar cerebral blood volume (CBVa), relative CBVa (rCBVa), and the DSC-derived relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) were obtained, and these measurements were compared between the GBM group (n = 43) and the LGG group (n = 59) and between the IDH-mutation group (n = 54) and the IDH-wild group (n = 48). Results: Significant correlation was observed between rCBV and CBVa (P < 0.001) or rCBVa (P < 0.001). Both CBVa (P < 0.001) and rCBVa (P < 0.001) were higher in the GBM group. Both CBVa (P < 0.001) and rCBVa (P < 0.001) were lower in the IDH-mutation group compared to the IDH-wild group. Receiver operating characteristic analyses showed the area under curve (AUC) of 0.95 with CBVa and 0.97 with rCBVa in differentiating GBM from LGG. The AUCs were 0.82 and 0.85 for CBVa and rCBVa in predicting IDH gene status, respectively, which were lower than that of rCBV (AUC = 0.90). Combined rCBV and rCBVa significantly improved the diagnostic performance (AUC = 0.95). Conclusions: iVASO MR imaging has the potential to predict IDH mutation and grade in glioma.
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Neoplasm grading
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology