Inflammation and traumatic stress: The society to cells resiliency model to support integrative interventions

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a prevalent psychiatric disorder that develops following a traumatic event and has substantial health implications, including high rates of health morbidity and mortality, as well as significant health-related costs. Medical risks that are associated with PTSD often have an underlying inflammatory pathology, suggesting that inflammation contributes to these health declines. Objectives and Design: In this critical literature review, the authors examine the medical risks associated with PTSD and the inflammatory mechanisms that likely underlie these risks. Results and Conclusions: The authors offer a review of their "Cells to Society Resiliency Model" to motivate the development of integrative interventions that include factors of society, community, family, individual, physiological, and cellular factors to thereby reduce the health risks associated with PTSD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)404-416
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2011


  • PTSD
  • anxiety and anxiety disorders
  • models/theories of psychiatric nursing
  • posttraumatic stress disorder
  • primary health care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Inflammation and traumatic stress: The society to cells resiliency model to support integrative interventions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this