Infectious complications in patients on treatment with Ruxolitinib: case report and review of the literature

Maria Veronica Dioverti, Omar M. Abu Saleh, Aaron J. Tande

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Background: Primary myelofibrosis is a chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm that may cause debilitating symptoms, which can be improved with the use of Ruxolitinib, a Janus kinase 2 inhibitor. However, this agent has significant immunomodulatory effects which may increase the risk for infections. Methods: We searched the literature and our institutional electronic medical record for reported cases of infections in adult patients on ruxolitinib treatment. Results: We found 28 cases in our literature search and 4 cases from our Institution for a total of 32 cases. The most common infection was tuberculosis in 11/32 cases (34%), followed by cryptococcal infection in 3/32 (9%) and hepatitis B virus reactivation in 3/32 (9%). Conclusion: Opportunistic infections associated with ruxolitinib use are increasingly reported in the literature; further studies should investigate the role of systematic screening and prophylaxis against infections in this subset of patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-387
Number of pages7
JournalInfectious Diseases
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 4 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Immunocompromised
  • Infections
  • Opportunistic
  • Ruxolitinib

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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