BACKGROUND: Racial and ethnic inequities exist in surgical aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis (AS), and early studies have suggested similar inequities in transcatheter aortic valve replacement. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the Maryland Health Services Cost Review Commission inpatient data set from 2016 to 2018. Black patients had half the incidence of any inpatient AS diagnosis compared with White patients (incidence rate ratio [IRR], 0.50; 95% CI, 0.48–0.52; P<0.001) and Hispanic patients had one fourth the incidence compared with White patients (IRR, 0.25; 95% CI, 0.22–0.29; P<0.001). Conversely, the incidence of any inpatient mitral regur-gitation diagnosis did not differ between White and Black patients (IRR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.97–1.03; P=0.97) but was significantly lower in Hispanic compared with White patients (IRR, 0.36; 95% CI, 0.33–0.40; P<0.001). After multivariable adjustment, Black race was associated with a lower incidence of surgical aortic valve replacement (IRR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.55–0.82 P<0.001 rela-tive to White race) and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (IRR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.65–0.90; P=0.002) among those with any inpatient diagnosis of AS. Hispanic patients had a similar rate of surgical aortic valve replacement and transcatheter aortic valve replacement compared with White patients. CONCLUSIONS: Hospitalization with any diagnosis of AS is less common in Black and Hispanic patients than in White patients. In hospitalized patients with AS, Black race is associated with a lower incidence of both surgical aortic valve replacement and transcatheter aortic valve replacement compared with White patients, whereas Hispanic patients have a similar incidence of both. The reasons for these inequities are likely multifactorial.
- Aortic stenosis
- Racial and ethnic inequities
- Surgical aortic valve replacement
- Transcatheter aortic valve replacement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine