Induction of surface CCR4 and its functionality in mouse Th2 cells is regulated differently during Th2 development

Yasunari Morimoto, Yang Bian, Ping Gao, Yumi Yashiro-Ohtani, Xu Yu Zhou, Shiro Ono, Hirokazu Nakahara, Mikihiko Kogo, Toshiyuki Hamaoka, Hiromi Fujiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


T helper cell type 1 (Th1) and Th2 cells express distinct sets of chemokine receptors. In contrast to Th1 chemokine receptors, it is largely unknown how Th2 chemokine receptors such as CC chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4) are induced during Th2 differentiation. Here, we investigated the induction of CCR4 surface expression and ligand responsiveness evaluated by functional assays such as chemokine binding and chemotaxis. This was done in comparison with those of a Th1 chemokine receptor, CXC chemokine receptor 3 (CXCR3). Resting T cells expressed neither CXCR3 nor CCR4. CXCR3 expression and ligand responsiveness were observed when resting T cells were stimulated with anti-CD3 plus anti-CD28 in the presence of [interleukin (IL)-12+anti-IL-4] and then recultured without T cell receptor (TCR) stimulation. Unlike CXCR3, CCR4 was induced immediately after anti-CD3/anti-CD28 stimulation in the presence of (IL-4+anti-interferon- γ+anti-IL-12). However, these CCR4-positive cells failed to exhibit chemokine binding and chemotaxis. Although the levels of surface CCR4 expression were not increased after the subsequent reculture in the absence of TCR stimulation, CCR4 responsiveness was induced in this stage of Th2 cells. The induction of CCR4 expression and the acquisition of CCR4 responsiveness did not occur in IL-4-deficient (IL-4-/-) and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)6-/- T cells. CCR4 expression and functionality were regained in IL-4-/- but not in STAT6-/- T cells by the addition of recombinant IL-4. Although surface expression and functionality of CCR4 are induced depending on the IL-4/STAT6 signaling pathway, the present results indicate that the functionality of CCR4 does not correlate with CCR4 expression but emerges at later stages of Th2 differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)753-761
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • CXCR3
  • Chemokine/chemokine receptor
  • IL-4
  • STAT6
  • Th1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology


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