Increased Mortality and Graft Loss With Kidney Retransplantation Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)–Infected Recipients

B. A. Shelton, S. Mehta, D. Sawinski, R. D. Reed, P. A. MacLennan, S. Gustafson, D. L. Segev, J. E. Locke

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1 Scopus citations


Excellent outcomes have been demonstrated in primary human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–positive (HIV+) kidney transplant recipients, but a subset will lose their graft and seek retransplantation (re-KT). To date, no study has examined outcomes among HIV+ re-KT recipients. We studied risk for death and graft loss among 4149 (22 HIV+ vs. 4127 HIV-negative [HIV−]) adult re-KT recipients reported to the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (SRTR) (2004–2013). Compared to HIV− re-KT recipients, HIV+ re-KT recipients were more commonly African American (63.6% vs. 26.7%, p < 0.001), infected with hepatitis C (31.8% vs. 5.0%, p < 0.001) and had longer median time on dialysis (4.8 years vs. 2.1 years, p = 0.02). There were no significant differences in length of time between the primary and re-KT events by HIV status (1.5 years vs. 1.4 years, p = 0.52). HIV+ re-KT recipients experienced a 3.11-fold increased risk of death (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]: 3.11, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.82–5.34, p < 0.001) and a 1.96-fold increased risk of graft loss (aHR: 1.96, 95% CI: 1.14–3.36, p = 0.01) compared to HIV− re-KT recipients. Re-KT among HIV+ recipients was associated with increased risk for mortality and graft loss. Future research is needed to determine if a survival benefit is achieved with re-KT in this vulnerable population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-179
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


  • clinical research/practice
  • graft survival
  • infection and infectious agents
  • kidney transplantation/nephrology
  • patient survival
  • viral: human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Transplantation
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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