Increased expression of interleukin 6 in term compared to the first trimester human placental villi

R. Agarwal, A. Loganath, A. C. Roy, Y. C. Wong, C. Lindoff, S. C. Ng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Cytokines and their specific receptors expressed at the feto-maternal interface are known to play a critical role in regulating various placental functions. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) has been shown to be produced by both decidua and the trophoblast cells of the placenta. The aim of the present study was to examine the expression profile of placental IL-6 protein and mRNA at early and late stages of gestation. Placental villi were obtained from women undergoing first trimester pregnancy termination or elective Cesarean section at term. Functionally active placental explant culture system was used to study the release of IL-6 by these tissues. IL-6 was detected in placental conditioned media of all the samples from first trimester and term group. The mean levels of IL-6 produced by term villi were found to be 5.5, 7.5 and 5- fold higher at term when compared with the first trimester at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h of culture, respectively. Expression of IL-6 mRNA was demonstrated by RT-PCR performed on total RNA isolated from these tissues. IL-6 mRNA expression was detected in both early and late gestational placental tissues. Moreover, the level of IL-6 mRNA was found to be approximately 4-fold higher at term compared with first trimester. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that levels of IL-6 production by the placenta are developmental stage-specific and suggest that expression of IL-6 in the placenta could be subjected to transcriptional regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-168
Number of pages5
JournalHormone and Metabolic Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • First Trimester
  • Interleukin 6
  • MRNA Expression
  • Placenta
  • Term

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology


Dive into the research topics of 'Increased expression of interleukin 6 in term compared to the first trimester human placental villi'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this