Increased Complications in Octogenarians Undergoing Same-Day Discharge following Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Matched Cohort Analysis

Peter Z. Berger, Alex Gu, Safa C. Fassihi, Seth Stake, Patawut Bovonratwet, Casey Gioia, Andrew Palosaari, Joshua C. Campbell, Savyasachi C. Thakkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Same-day discharge pathways in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are gaining popularity as a means to increase patient satisfaction and reduce overall costs, but these pathways have not been thoroughly evaluated in potentially at-risk populations, such as in patients ≥80 years old. The purpose of this study was to compare 90-day complications and mortality following same-day discharge after primary TKA in patients ≥80 years old and those <80 years old. Patients who underwent unilateral primary TKA, were discharged on postoperative day 0, and had a minimum 90-day follow-up were identified in a national insurance claims database (PearlDiver Technologies) using Current Procedural Terminology code 27447. These patients were stratified into two cohorts based upon age: (1) nonoctogenarians (<80 years old) and (2) octogenarians (≥80 years old). These cohorts were propensity matched based upon sex, Charlson comorbidity index, and obesity status. Univariate analysis was performed to determine differences in 90-day complications and mortality between the two cohorts. In total, 1,111 patients were included in each cohort. Both cohorts were successfully matched, with no observed differences in matched parameters for demographics or comorbidities. There was no significant difference in 90-day mortality between the two cohorts (p = 0.896). However, octogenarians were at significantly increased risk of postoperative atrial fibrillation (20.8 vs. 10.4%; p < 0.001), nonatrial fibrillation arrhythmias (8.4 vs. 5.6%; p = 0.009), pneumonia (4.5 vs. 2.2%; p = 0.002), stroke (3.1 vs. 1.7%; p = 0.037), heart failure (10.5 vs. 7.5%; p = 0.012), and urinary tract infection (UTI; 14.3 vs. 9.4%; p < 0.001) compared with the nonoctogenarian cohort. Relative to matched controls, octogenarians were at significantly increased risk of numerous 90-day medical complications following same-day primary TKA, including cardiopulmonary complications, stroke, and UTI. Clinicians should be cognizant of these complications and counsel patients appropriately when electing to perform same-day TKA in the octogenarian population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Knee Surgery
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • complications
  • octogenarian
  • same-day discharge
  • total Joint arthroplasty
  • total knee arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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