In vivo intravascular MR imaging: Transvenous technique for arterial wall imaging

Lawrence V. Hofmann, Robert P. Liddell, Aravind Arepally, Brian Montague, Xiaoming Yang, David A. Bluemke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: To determine, in vivo, the potential for transvenous magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the arterial wall and to assess appropriate MR pulse sequences for this method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MR imaging was performed on 19 vessels (right renal artery, N = 9; left renal artery N = 2; external iliac artery, N = 4; abdominal aorta, N = 4) in nine swine. The animals were either low-density lipoprotein receptor knockout (N = 5) or Yucatan mini-pigs fed an atherogenic diet for 6 to 11 weeks (N = 4). The intravascular MR coil/guide wire (IVMRG) (Surgi-Vision, Gaithersburg, MD) was introduced via the external iliac vein into the inferior vena cava (IVC). The following electrocardiograph-gated MR pulse sequences were obtained: T1-weighted precontrast with and without fat saturation and T1-weighted postcontrast with fat saturation. Two observers scored wall signal and conspicuity and classified the vessel as normal, abnormal, or stented. Images were compared with histopathologic findings. RESULTS: The T1-weighted precontrast without fat saturation, T1-weighted precontrast with fat saturation, and T1-weighted postcontrast images correlated with histopathologic findings in 12 of 15 vessels, eight of 10 vessels, and 14 of 16 vessels, respectively. Abnormal histopathologic findings included: arterial wall thickening (N = 3), arterial dissection (N = 2), focal fibrous plaque (N = 2), adherent thrombus (N = 1). The T1-weighted postcontrast images were not compromised by artifacts and had the highest score for vessel wall signal and conspicuity. T1-weighted precontrast images were compromised by chemical shift artifact and poor blood suppression. Negligible artifacts were created by the platinum stent. CONCLUSION: The T1-weighted fat saturated postcontrast pulse sequence was superior to other sequences for transvenous MR imaging of the arterial wall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1317-1327
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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