In vivo base editing restores sensory transduction and transiently improves auditory function in a mouse model of recessive deafness

Wei Hsi Yeh, Olga Shubina-Oleinik, Jonathan M. Levy, Bifeng Pan, Gregory A. Newby, Michael Wornow, Rachel Burt, Jonathan C. Chen, Jeffrey R. Holt, David R. Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Most genetic diseases arise from recessive point mutations that require correction, rather than disruption, of the pathogenic allele to benefit patients. Base editing has the potential to directly repair point mutations and provide therapeutic restoration of gene function. Mutations of transmembrane channel-like 1 gene (TMC1) can cause dominant or recessive deafness. We developed a base editing strategy to treat Baringo mice, which carry a recessive, loss-of-function point mutation (c.A545G; resulting in the substitution p.Y182C) in Tmc1 that causes deafness. Tmc1 encodes a protein that forms mechanosensitive ion channels in sensory hair cells of the inner ear and is required for normal auditory function. We found that sensory hair cells of Baringo mice have a complete loss of auditory sensory transduction. To repair the mutation, we tested several optimized cytosine base editors (CBEmax variants) and guide RNAs in Baringo mouse embryonic fibroblasts. We packaged the most promising CBE, derived from an activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), into dual adeno-associated viruses (AAVs) using a split-intein delivery system. The dual AID-CBEmax AAVs were injected into the inner ears of Baringo mice at postnatal day 1. Injected mice showed up to 51% reversion of the Tmc1 c.A545G point mutation to wild-type sequence (c.A545A) in Tmc1 transcripts. Repair of Tmc1 in vivo restored inner hair cell sensory transduction and hair cell morphology and transiently rescued low-frequency hearing 4 weeks after injection. These findings provide a foundation for a potential one-time treatment for recessive hearing loss and support further development of base editing to correct pathogenic point mutations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbereaay9101
JournalScience translational medicine
Volume12
Issue number546
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 3 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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