In vitro fertilization in Norfolk, Virginia, 1980-1983

Jairo Garcia, Anibal Acosta, Mason C. Andrews, Georgeanna Seegar Jones, Howard W. Jones, Themis Mantzavinos, Jacob Mayer, Jeanne McDowell, Bruce Sandow, Lucinda Veeck, Theresa Whibley, Charles Wilkes, George Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Three years of progress of the Vital Initiation of Pregnancy (VIP) Program in Norfolk is reported. No conception resulted from 41 oocyte aspirations during spontaneous menstrual cycles in 1980. An average of 3.7 oocytes per cycle, or a 73.5% recovery rate, resulted in 362 human menopausal gonadotropin/human chorionic gonadotropin-induced cycles from January 1981 to March 1983. Forty pecent of the oocytes recovered from these cycles were preovulatory, 35% atretic, and 25% immature. Immature oocytes were often matured in vitro, fertilized, and found to produce pregnancies. A total of 62 pregnancies occurred, which represents a 17 or 23% pregnancy rate, based on laporoscopies or embryo transfers, respectively. There were 11 preclinical and 7 clinical miscarriages. Twenty-nine normal babies have been delivered, including a set of twins. The remainder appears to be normally progressing pregnancies. Polyspermia was observed in 8.8% of the fertilizable oocytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-28
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Embryology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Developmental Biology


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