In vitro complementation as an assay for purification of adenovirus DNA replication proteins

J. M. Ostrove, P. Rosenfeld, J. Williams, T. Kelly

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11 Scopus citations


As an approach to the purification of adenovirusencoded DNA replication proteins, we have developed in vitro complementation assays that make use of viral mutants defective in DNA replication in vivo. Nuclear extracts prepared from cells infected with H5ts36 or H5ts125, two such mutants belonging to different complementation groups, were found to be defective in viral DNA replication in vitro. However, replication activity could be restored by mixing the two extracts. Replication activity in either extract also could be restored by addition of appropriate replication-deficient fractions purified from cells infected with wild-type adenovirus. By using such assays, H5ts36- and H5ts125-complementing activities were extensively purified. As expected, purified H5ts125-complementing activity consisted of a single major polypeptide, the 72-kilodalton (kDal) adenovirus DNA binding protein. The purified H5ts36-complementing activity consisted of the 80-kDal adenovirus terminal protein precursor and two other major polypeptides with apparent molecular masses of 140 and 65 kDal. Formation of the 80-kDal terminal protein-dCMP complexes, the proposed initial step in adenovirus DNA replication, required components in the purified H5ts36-complementing fraction and a cellular factor(s) but did not require the adenovirus DNA binding protein. The complete in vitro adenovirus DNA replication reaction was reconstituted from the purified H5ts36-complementing activity, the adenovirus DNA binding protein, and an extract from uninfected cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)935-939
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number4 I
StatePublished - 1983

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