Improving vastus medialis obliquus function reduces pressure applied to lateral patellofemoral cartilage

John J. Elias, Srianjana Kilambi, Derek R. Goerke, Andrew J. Cosgarea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


The current study was performed to characterize how improving vastus medialis obliquus (VMO) function influences the pressure applied to patellofemoral cartilage. An additional focus was characterizing how lateral and medial cartilage lesions influence cartilage pressures. Ten knees were flexed to 40°,60°, and 80° in vitro, and forces were applied to represent the VMO and other muscles of the quadriceps group while a thin film sensor measuredjoint pressures. The knees were loaded with a normal VMO force, with the VMO force decreased by approximately 50%, and with the VMO unloaded. After tests were performed with the cartilage intact, all tests were repeated with a 12-mm-diameter lesion created within the lateral cartilage, with the lateral lesion repaired with silicone, and with a medial lesion created. Based on a two-way repeated measures ANOVA and post-hoc tests, increasing the force applied by the VMO significantly (p < 0.05) decreased the maximum lateral pressure and significantly increased the maximum medial pressure at each flexion angle. A lateral cartilage lesion significantly increased the maximum lateral pressure, while a medial lesion did not significantly influence the maximum medial pressure. Improving VMO function can reduce the pressure applied to lateral cartilage when lateral lesions are present.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)578-583
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2009


  • Cartilage
  • Lesions
  • Patellofemoral joint
  • Pressure
  • Vastus medialis obliquus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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