Improving recruitment in clinical trials: Why eligible participants decline

Julie Brintnall-Karabelas, Susanna Sung, Mary Ellen Cadman, Carol Squires, Katherine Whorton, Maryland Pao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


There IS a need to explore why protocol-eligible subjects refuse participation in clinical trials. Without a clear understanding, participation by representative populations will be an ongoing obstacle to recruitment. This descriptive research study analyzes frequency data regarding a sample of 965 individuals who, despite being eligible for studies with the National Institute of Mental Health intramural program, declined research participation. Overall, responses regarding reasons for declining fell into the following five categories: a result of specific protocol issues; inconvenience; for other reasons not mentioned; financial reasons; and, lastly, decided to participate elsewhere. The results of this study identify common factors which suggest there are steps that investigators can take to better accommodate the needs of the public and, consequently, improve research participation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-74
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Clinical trials
  • Recruitment
  • Refusal to participate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Communication


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