Impaired reproduction in transgenic mice overexpressingγ-aminobutyric acid transporter I (GAT1)

Jia Hua Hu, Jin Fu Zhang, Ying Hua Ma, Jie Jiang, Na Yang, Xin Bo Li, Zhi Guang Yu Chi, Jian Fei, Li He Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


It is well documented that γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) system existed in reproductive organs. Recent researches showed that GABAA and GABAB receptors were present in testis and sperm, and might mediate the acrosome reaction induced by GABA and progesterone. GABA transporter I (GAT1) also existed in testis and sperm, but its physiological function was unknown. In the present study, we used GAT1 overexpressing mice to explore GAT1 function in male reproductive system. We found that the expression level of GAT1 continuously increased in wild-type mouse testis from 1 month to 2 months after birth. GAT1 overexpression in mouse affected testis development, which embodied reduced testis mass and slowed spermatogenesis in transgenic mice. Moreover, transgenic mice showed increase of the percentage of broken sperm. The further study revealed that the reproductive capacity was impaired in GAT1 overexpressing mice. In addition, testosterone level was significantly low in transgenic mice compared with that in wild-type mice. Our findings provided the first evidence that abnormal expression of GAT1 could result in dysgenesis, and indicated that GAT1 might be therapeutically targeted for contraception or dysgenesis treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-59
Number of pages6
JournalCell Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • GABA
  • GAT1
  • Reproduction
  • Sperm
  • Testes
  • Transgenic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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