Impact of autocidal gravid ovitraps on chikungunya virus incidence in Aedes Aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Areas With and Without Traps

Roberto Barrera, Veronica Acevedo, Gilberto E. Felix, Ryan R. Hemme, Jesus Vazquez, Jorge L. Munoz, Manuel Amador, Douglas Norris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Puerto Rico detected the first confirmed case of chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in May 2014 and the virus rapidly spread throughout the island. The invasion of CHIKV allowed us to observe Aedes aegypti (L.) densities, infection rates, and impact of vector control in urban areas using CDC autocidal gravid ovitraps (AGO traps) for mosquito control over several years. Because local mosquitoes can only get the virus from infectious residents, detecting the presence of virus in mosquitoes functions as a proxy for the presence of virus in people. We monitored the incidence of CHIKV in gravid females of Ae. aegypti in four neighborhoods - two with three AGO traps per home in most homes and two nearby neighborhoods without AGO mosquito control traps. Monitoring of mosquito density took place weekly using sentinel AGO traps from June to December 2014. In all, 1,334 pools of female Ae. aegypti (23,329 individuals) were processed by real-time reverse transcription PCR to identify CHIKV and DENV RNA. Density of Ae. aegypti females was 10.5 times lower (91%) in the two areas with AGO control traps during the study. Ten times (90.9%) more CHIKV-positive pools were identified in the nonintervention areas (50/55 pools) than in intervention areas (5/55). We found a significant linear relationship between the number of positive pools and both density of Ae. aegypti and vector index (average number of expected infected mosquitoes per trap per week). Temporal and spatial patterns of positive CHIKV pools suggested limited virus circulation in areas with AGO traps.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)387-395
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of medical entomology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018


  • Aedes aegypti
  • Arboviral transmission
  • Invasive species
  • Mosquito control
  • Vector-borne pathogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • veterinary(all)
  • Insect Science
  • Infectious Diseases


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