Immunotherapy for Glioma. Promises and Challenges

Seunggu J. Han, Corinna Zygourakis, Michael Lim, Andrew T. Parsa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Novel immunotherapeutic modalities are being pursed in the treatment of high-grade gliomas. This article explains how tumors suppress immune function in the brain. It specifically describes the ways in which tumors limit effective communication with immune cells, secrete immune-inhibitory cytokines and molecules, and express molecules that induce apoptosis of immune cells. It also defines 3 different immunotherapeutic approaches to counteract this tumor-associated immunosuppression: cytokine therapy, passive immunotherapy (either serotherapy or adoptive immunotherapy), and active immunotherapy. Although immunotherapeutic approaches have met with mixed success so far, immunotherapy continues to be actively pursued because of its potential to attack infiltrating high-grade gliomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-370
Number of pages14
JournalNeurosurgery clinics of North America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2012


  • B cells
  • Brain tumors
  • Central nervous system
  • Cytokines
  • Glioblastoma multiforme
  • Glioma
  • Immunotherapy
  • T cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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