Imaging in Osteoarthritis

F. W. Roemer, A. Guermazi, S. Demehri, W. Wirth, R. Kijowski

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most frequent form of arthritis with major implications on both individual and public health care levels. The field of joint imaging, and particularly magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), has evolved rapidly due to the application of technical advances to the field of clinical research. This narrative review will provide an introduction to the different aspects of OA imaging aimed at an audience of scientists, clinicians, students, industry employees, and others who are interested in OA but who do not necessarily focus on OA. The current role of radiography and recent advances in measuring joint space width will be discussed. The status of cartilage morphology assessment and evaluation of cartilage biochemical composition will be presented. Advances in quantitative three-dimensional morphologic cartilage assessment and semi-quantitative whole-organ assessment of OA will be reviewed. Although MRI has evolved as the most important imaging method used in OA research, other modalities such as ultrasound, computed tomography, and metabolic imaging play a complementary role and will also be discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)913-934
Number of pages22
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2022


  • CT
  • MRI
  • Osteoarthritis
  • PET
  • Radiography
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Rheumatology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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