IL-11 expression in retinal and corneal cells is regulated by interferon-γ

Chandrasekharam N. Nagineni, Vijay K. Kommineni, Abitha William, John J. Hooks, Barbara Detrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Interleukin-11 (IL-11) is an anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory cytokine with hematopoietic potential. The expression and protective actions of IL-11 have not been explored in the eye. The expression of IL-11 in primary cultures of human retinal pigment epithelial (HRPE) and human corneal fibroblast (HCRF) cells were evaluated in these studies. Constitutive secretion of IL-11 was not observed in either HRPE or HCRF. TNF-α + IL-1 induced IL-11 secretion and this production was inhibited by NFκB pathway inhibitors. IFN-γ significantly inhibited TNF-α and IL-1 induced IL-11 secretion and inhibitors of JAK-STAT pathway reversed this inhibition. TGF-β induced IL-11 secretion that was blocked by TGF-β receptor 1 inhibitor but not by IFN-γ. RT-PCR analysis confirmed the effects of IL-1, TNF-α, IFN-γ and TGF-β on IL-11 secretion at mRNA levels. Our results demonstrate that IL-11 is dramatically up regulated in retina and cornea cells and that IFN-γ is a physiological inhibitor of IL-11 expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-292
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010


  • Cornea
  • IFN-γ
  • IL-1
  • IL-11
  • Retina
  • TGF-β
  • TNF-α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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