If J doesn't evolve, it won't J-resolve: J-PRESS with bandwidth-limited refocusing pulses

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15 Scopus citations


There is increasing interest in the J-PRESS technique, an in vivo implementation of two-dimensional J-spectroscopy combined with PRESS localization, for high-field spectroscopy studies of the human brain. The experiment is designed to resolve scalar couplings in the second, indirectly detected dimension, but will only do so if the slice-selective refocusing pulses in the PRESS sequence affect all coupled spins equally. At high magnet field strengths, due to limited RF pulse bandwidth, PRESS-based localization results in spatially dependent evolution of coupling. In some regions of the localized volume, coupling evolves during the PRESS echo time, while in other regions it may be partially or fully refocused. This study investigates the impact of this effect on the appearance of the J-PRESS spectrum for coupled spins, focusing on two commonly observed metabolites, lactate and N-acetyl aspartate, showing that such behavior results in additional peaks in the J-resolved spectrum (termed J-refocused peaks). It is also demonstrated that increasing the bandwidth of refocusing pulses significantly reduces the size of such signals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1509-1514
Number of pages6
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2011


  • J-refocused
  • J-resolved
  • chemical shift displacement
  • scalar coupling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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