Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis: Management and predictors of recurrence in 474 patients

Armina Azizi, Vishnu Prasath, Joseph Canner, Masoumeh Gharib, Asieh Sadat Fattahi, Mohammad Naser Forghani, Samaneh Sajjadi, Effat Farhadi, Mahtab Vasigh, Ahmad Kaviani, Ramesh Omranipour, Mehran Habibi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Idiopathic Granulomatous Mastitis (IGM) is an uncommon inflammatory disease of the breast, with similar presentations as breast cancer and a relatively high recurrence rate. We reviewed the demographics, clinical presentations, and treatment modalities of a large cohort of patients in Iran. Most of the patients had history of pregnancy and breastfeeding. The most common clinical finding was pain and a palpable mass, respectively. Most of the patients received medical treatment, and about half of the patients had surgery. The recurrence rate was 24.8%, and breast skin lesions were associated with a significantly higher odds of recurrence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1358-1362
Number of pages5
JournalBreast Journal
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020


  • IGM
  • idiopathic granulomatous mastitis
  • management
  • recurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Oncology


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