Identification of BCOX1, a novel gene overexpressed in breast cancer

Jin Song, Wanjun Yang, Ie Ming Shih, Zhen Zhang, Jining Bai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The identification of tumor-associated antigens, which are specifically expressed in cancer tissues, is of utmost important for immunotherapy of breast cancer. We have combined in silico screening and experimental expression analysis to identify genes that are differentially expressed in breast carcinomas compared with their corresponding normal tissues. Using these approaches, we identified a novel gene, BCOX1, with overexpression in breast carcinoma. BCOX1 was highly homologous to KIAA0100, a hypothetical gene located on chromosome 17q11.2. RNA in situ hybridization shows that BCOX1 mRNA signal is mainly located in the cytoplasm of breast carcinoma epithelial cells, but not in those of normal epithelial cells, stroma cells and lymphocytes. Furthermore, mRNA expression of BCOX1 was moderately elevated in ductal in situ carcinoma (DCIS), peaked in invasive breast carcinoma (IBC) and metastatic breast carcinoma cells (MET) whereas absent in benign ductal epithelial cells. The predicted BCOX1 open reading frame of 666 bp encodes a putative protein of 222 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular weight of 24920 Da and a PI of 5.86. Computational analyses predict that the putative BCOX1 protein is a cytoplasmic protein. The functional relevance of this novel gene is yet to be determined. This study warrants further investigations to explore the molecular functions of BCOX1, and to determine its potential diagnostic and therapeutic applications for breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-69
Number of pages8
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2006


  • Cancer
  • EST database
  • Gene characterization
  • SAGE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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