Ideal Cardiovascular Health and Adipokine Levels: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Eric K. Broni, Oluseye Ogunmoroti, Olatokunbo Osibogun, Justin B. Echouffo-Tcheugui, Parag A. Chevli, Michael D. Shapiro, Chiadi E. Ndumele, Erin D. Michos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To evaluate the association between ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) and adipokine levels. Adipokines are hormones implicated in obesity and its cardiometabolic consequences. The concept of ideal CVH was introduced to promote 7 key health factors and behaviors in the general population. Previous studies have found strong associations between obesity and ideal CVH. However, existing literature on the link between CVH and adipokines is scarce. Methods: We studied 1842 Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis participants free of cardiovascular disease who had 7 CVH metrics (smoking, body mass index, physical activity, diet, total cholesterol, blood pressure, and fasting blood glucose) measured at baseline and serum adipokine levels measured at a median of 2.4 years later. Each CVH metric was assigned a score of 0 (poor), 1 (intermediate), or 2 (ideal), and all scores were summed for a total CVH score (0-14). The total CVH scores of 0 to 8, 9 to 10, and 11 to 14 were considered inadequate, average, and optimal, respectively. We used multivariable linear regression models to assess the nonconcurrent associations between the CVH score and log-transformed adipokine levels. Results: The mean age was 62.1 ± 9.8 years; 50.2% of participants were men. After adjusting for sociodemographic factors, a 1-unit higher CVH score was significantly associated with 4% higher adiponectin and 15% and 1% lower leptin and resistin levels. Individuals with optimal CVH scores had 27% higher adiponectin and 56% lower leptin levels than those with inadequate CVH scores. Similar trends were observed for those with average versus inadequate CVH scores. Conclusion: In a multi-ethnic cohort free of cardiovascular disease at baseline, individuals with average and optimal CVH scores had a more favorable adipokine profile than those with inadequate CVH scores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)456-464
Number of pages9
JournalEndocrine Practice
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2023


  • adipokines
  • adiponectin
  • cardiovascular health score
  • leptin
  • obesity
  • resistin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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