Christopher B. Ruff, Heather Garvin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The three Mesolithic samples of Moita de Sebastiao, Muge Arruda, and Los Canes are all from coastal or near-coastal locations. Almost all known Iberian Mesolithic sites are coastal, which may reflect ecological factors following the end of the Ice Age in this region, that is, a lack of consistent water resources further inland. In particular, Iberian Early Medieval females and Late Medieval males are very similar in average height and weight to other Europeans of these time periods. The small body size of Mesolithic Iberian males, noted earlier, is further emphasized by comparisons with other Mesolithic males, who are much taller and heavier on average. Trends among living Iberian populations in the later 20th century indicate more of a secular increase in body size in males, and thus an increase in sexual dimorphism (SD), again similar to trends in other parts of Europe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSkeletal Variation and Adaptation in Europeans
Subtitle of host publicationUpper Paleolithic to the Twentieth Century
Number of pages34
ISBN (Electronic)9781118628430
ISBN (Print)9781118627969
StatePublished - Dec 19 2017


  • Body size
  • Ecological factors
  • Iberian populations
  • Mesolithic samples
  • Sexual dimorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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